The following is a list of sources used for this project, divided by primary, secondary, and unpublished. In particular, I would like to thank Judith and Raymond Spinzia, whose book Long Island’s Prominent North Shore Families: Their Estates and Their Country Homes was the main resource for my data. The Spinzias were also kind enough to offer advice and guidance, and I am very appreciative of their time and efforts to assist me with my project. Their website can be found at Spinzia Long Island Estates
I would also like to thank Marissa Finocchiaro at The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Reading Room, who helped me find many of the historic maps used. Their website can be found at L. I. Room – Smithtown Library (smithlib.org)
Finally, Blair Tinker from the University of Rochester’s Digital Scholarship Lab was also incredibly helpful in providing assistance with the GIS portion of this project.
- Map of Long Island Based Upon Recent U.S. Coast Surveys, Together with Local Maps on File. E. Belcher Hyde Inc., 1906. Obtained from The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Room.
- Map of 1st Section of Suffolk Co Embracing Huntington, Smithtown, Babylon and Part of Islip. E. Belcher Hyde Inc., 1910. Obtained from The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Room.
- Atlas of Nassau County Long Island N.Y. Complete in One Volume. E. Belcher Hyde Inc., 1914. Obtained from the New York Public Library’s digital collection. Available at Atlases of the United States – NYPL Digital Collections
- Property Map of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay Townships, Nassau County, N.Y. Baker Crowell Inc., 1922. Obtained from the Brooklyn Public Library’s digital collection. Available at [Property maps of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay Townships, Nassau County, N.Y.] – Map Collections | Map Collections (brooklynhistory.org)
- Real estate reference map of Nassau County, Long Island. E. Belcher Hyde, Inc, 1923. Obtained from The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Room.
- Atlas of Suffolk County New York. Dolph and Stewart, 1929. Obtained from New York Heritage digital collections. Available at New York Heritage Digital Collections – New York Heritage Digital Collections (oclc.org)
- Real estate and reference map of a part of Suffolk County, Long Island, N.Y.; westerly part, first section. Comprising the townships of Huntington, Smithtown, Babylon and Islip. E. Belcher Hyde Inc., 1931. Obtained from The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Room.
- Hagstrom’s street, road and land ownership atlas of Suffolk County, Long Island, N.Y.; western half, including the townships of Huntington, Smithtown, Babylon, Islip, and part of Brookhaven. Based upon actual surveys furnished by surveyors and individual owners; also upon mps on file at County offices. Hagstrom Company, 1944. Obtained from The Smithtown Library’s Long Island Room.
- Beckert, S. The Monied Metropolis: New York City and the Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie, 1850-1896. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001.
- Gabriel, Ralph Henry. The Evolution of Long Island: A Story of Land and Sea. Yale University Press, 1921.
- Hood, Clifton. In Pursuit of Privilege: A History of New York City’s Upper Class & The Making of a Metropolis. Columbia University Press, 2017.
- Horsley, Carter B. “More Mansions on Long Island’s ‘Gold Coast’ Fall.” The New York Times, 16 June 1974. More Mansions on Long Island’s ‘Gold Coast’ Fall – The New York Times (nytimes.com) Accessed 20 November 2021.
- Mackay, Robert B., Baker, Anthony K., and Traynor, Carol A., editors. Long Island Country Houses and Their Architects, 1860-1940. Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities, 1997.
- Mateyunas, Paul J. Long Island’s Gold Coast. Arcadia Publishing, 2012.
- McGerr, Michael E. A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America, 1870-1920. Free Press, 2005.
- Randall, Monica. The Mansions of Long Island’s Gold Coast. Hastings House Publishers, 1979.
- Spinzia, Judith S., and Spinzia, Raymond E. Long Island’s prominent north shore families: their estates and their country homes, 2 vols. Virtualbookworm, 2006.
- LIGC – Long Island Gold Coast. Wikimapia. http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=40.798298&lon=-73.616252&z=16&m=w&tag=37606. Accessed 20 November 2021.
- Old Long Island. http://www.oldlongisland.com/. Accessed 20 November 2021.
The following are several sources that I found while conducting research, but did not end up using for my project. They might be useful for people interested in learning more about the Gold Coast or Long Island history in general.
- Krieg, Joann P., and Naylor, Natalie A., editors. To Know the Place: Exploring Long Island History. Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 1995.
- Stevens, William Oliver. Discovering Long Island. Dodd, Mead & Company, 1939.
- Sclare, Donald, and Sclare, Lisa. Beaux-Arts Estates: A Guide to the Architecture of Long Island. The Viking Press, 1979.
- Long Island Room at The Smithtown Library. Website access at: https://smithlib.org/long-island-room.html
- Preservation Long Island, Preservation Long Island
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